home > Labourweb > EU social law > EU case-law > Judgments > Judgment in joined cases C-199/12 to C-201/12 - Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel v X (C-199/12), Y (C-200/12), and Z v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel (C-201/12)
07/11/2013

Judgment in joined cases C-199/12 to C-201/12 - Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel v X (C-199/12), Y (C-200/12), and Z v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel (C-201/12)

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Raad van State (Netherlands)


Directive 2004/83/EC – Minimum standards relating to the conditions for granting refugee status or subsidiary protection status – Article 10(1)(d) – Membership of a particular social group – Sexual orientation – Reason for persecution – Article 9(1) – Concept of ‘persecution’ – Well-founded fear of being persecuted on account of membership of a particular social group – Acts sufficiently serious to justify such a fear – Legislation criminalising homosexual acts – Article 4 – Individual assessment of the facts and circumstances

author(s): Court of Justice of the EU
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