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20/01/2011

Labour-market polarisation and elementary occupations in Europe. Blip or long-term trend?

CEDEFOP RESEARCH PAPER  n.9  - 5509 EN
Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2011 - ISBN 978-92-896-0693-6 - ISSN 1831-5860


European countries continue to experience significant changes in their economic and occupational structures, exposing workers and firms to rapidly evolving knowledge, skills and competence needs. From 1998 to 2008, an  occupational polarisation emerged for the first time in Europe, with a  concomitant rising demand at the upper  and lower ends of the occupational  skill distribution. In this paper, particular attention is given to elementary  occupations. Much of the phenomenon can be traced back to macroeconomic  trends and structural changes between sectors. The increasing labour supply  of non-national workers, and some institutional characteristics, are also likely  to be significant explanatory factors. In contrast, technological progress and/or  work content changes seem to play  a minor role., A more qualitative and  institutionally oriented approach would contribute to better understanding of  the phenomenon and to assessing whether a relative increase in elementary  occupations will persist in the near future.

author(s): European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) - Descy P., Ranieri A.
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