home > Labourweb > EU social law > EU case-law > Opinions > Opinion in joined cases C-199/12 to C-201/12 - Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel v X (C-199/12), Y (C-200/12), and Z v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel (C-201/12)
11/07/2013

Opinion in joined cases C-199/12 to C-201/12 - Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel v X (C-199/12), Y (C-200/12), and Z v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel (C-201/12)

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Raad van State (Netherlands)


Directive 2004/83/EC – Conditions to be met by third country nationals or stateless persons claiming refugee status – Meaning of persecution – Sexual orientation

author(s): Court of Justice of the EU / Advocate General Sharpston
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